3 Types of Denture Making Materials

3 Types of Denture Making Materials
Smiles On Hickman

Smiles On Hickman


Dentures are artificial teeth to replace lost or removed natural teeth. They can be either full or partial to replace either all teeth on the upper or lower arch or only a few that are missing. If you are considering getting dentures, you may have some questions about what they are made of and the best denture making materials.

These details about denture making materials can help you get your suitable denture type. 

What Are the Best Denture Making Materials?

Dentures are made of different materials, including composite resin, metal, porcelain, and acrylic. A metal denture has a metal base, typically made from an alloy containing cobalt and chrome. However, porcelain and acrylic are mostly used by dentists to make custom dentures. Selecting the best material for your denture teeth is essential, as it impacts their comfort, durability, and wearability. You can discuss with your dentist to find out which material might best suit your needs. 

Benefits of Flexible Partial Dentures

Flexible partial dentures are made of clear, flexible plastic and come with a flexible clasp, for a perfect fit to your mouth. That is why Smiles on Hickman offers flexible partial dentures in West Des Moines for our patients to ensure that they are comfortable, relaxed, and happy with their replacement teeth.

Benefits of flexible partial dentures include:

  • They are biocompatible and hypoallergenic.
  • They do not require much time to design.
  • They need fewer diet restrictions.
  • They allow the user to speak more freely.
  • They are durable and less likely to break, as they are made of flexible plastic material.
  • The natural gum color shows through the clear material, creating a natural look.
  • No metal clasp or denture adhesive is required to keep them in place.

What is the Difference Between Porcelain and Plastic Dentures?

Here are the differences between plastic and porcelain dentures:

  • Comfort 

    Porcelain dentures often produce clicking sounds when the denture wearer bites down. However, plastic dentures are quiet and lighter, making it easy for the wearers to speak and keep them in place.

  • Cleaning

    Porcelain dentures are easy to clean, but they are prone to crack or fracture. Plastic dentures do not crack or chip, but they contain microscopic pits that can hide bacteria. However, soaking them overnight in the denture solution cleans the bacteria. 

  • One Loss Acceleration 

    Generally, chewing pressure is transferred to the bone tissue under your gums. Porcelain is a heavy material, puts more pressure on the gums, thus accelerating bone loss. Plastic is lighter, putting less strain on the gums and the bone loss occurs at a slower rate than porcelain dentures.

  • Bonding

    Despite the tooth material type, the denture base is usually made of acrylic. Acrylic does not chemically bond with porcelain but easily bonds with plastic, providing more strength to the teeth.

  • Strength 

    Porcelain dentures are prone to chips and cracks, whereas plastic dentures can resist chipping and cracking.

  • Appearance 

    Both denture types come in various shapes, sizes, colors, and transparency. You can choose either one depending on your preferences and budget.

As both materials have advantages and disadvantages, visit your dentist to decide the best denture material for your tooth. Remember that getting dentures at a young age might mean a different set of concerns with your denture materials.

Please schedule an appointment with our dentist in West Des Moines to learn more about getting dentures. 

Smiles On Hickman

Smiles On Hickman

Smiles on Hickman is a family dental practice located in Des Moines, IA. We are committed to providing the best, personalized dental care solutions to patients and their families. Our well-trained and experienced team of dentist in Des Moines,IA ensures that our patients feel comfortable during their visit with us. We use advanced dental techniques that enable us to provide quality care in the fields of cosmetic dentistry, restorative dentistry, sedation dentistry, oral surgery, and more. We strive to form long-lasting bonds with all our patients and offer them a lifetime of healthy smiles.